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Brain Injuries Specialist

Cyril Sebastian, MD -  - Neurosurgery

Evergreen Spine and Neurosurgery Center

Cyril Sebastian, MD

Neurosurgery located in Shenandoah, TX

A traumatic brain injury occurs when a blow to your head or body makes your brain bounce against your skull. You can also experience a brain injury when an object pierces your skull. Cyril Sebastian, MD, at Evergreen Spine and Neurosurgery Center offers comprehensive medical and surgical care for all types of brain injuries. Dr. Sebastian has extensive experience treating your acute injuries and providing the intensive treatment you need to prevent secondary injuries. To receive immediate care, call the office in Shenandoah, Texas.

Brain Injuries Q & A

WHAT PROBLEMS CAN ARISE FOLLOWING A BRAIN INJURY?

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury, yet it damages the neurons and bruises your brain enough to temporarily affect your brain function.

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries cause serious problems that include:

  • Hematoma (localized bleeding)
  • Cerebral contusion (bruising)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding around the brain)
  • Hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid)
  • Diffuse nerve injuries (stretched and torn nerves)

A brain injury may also cause a skull fracture.

WILL I LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS FOLLOWING A BRAIN INJURY?

Losing consciousness depends on the severity of the injury. Most people do not lose consciousness or only briefly pass out following a concussion.

If you sustain a moderate traumatic brain injury, you can lose consciousness for up to six hours. During that time, someone can easily wake you up.

If you suffer a severe brain injury, you may lose consciousness for longer than six hours. Additionally, you won’t easily wake or open your eyes when someone tries to get you up.

WHAT SYMPTOMS DEVELOP DUE TO A BRAIN INJURY?

In addition to loss of consciousness, brain injuries cause a host of other symptoms, including:

  • Memory loss
  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Vision problems
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty sleeping

Depending on the area of the brain affected by your injury, you may also develop changes in hearing, body numbness or tingling, slurred speech, or difficulty understanding words.

HOW IS A TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY TREATED?

The primary treatment for a mild traumatic brain injury is rest. You need to give your brain time to heal by taking a break from physical and mental activities.  

Patients with a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury are hospitalized for a thorough evaluation and close observation. Hematomas and contusions may enlarge over the first few hours or days after your head injury. Both are emergencies that require surgical intervention.

An injured brain is also very vulnerable to changes in blood pressure. Dr. Sebastian may need to insert a catheter to precisely monitor intracranial pressure and oxygen levels.

Some may need emergency surgery to:

  • Remove a blood clot
  • Repair a skull fracture
  • Stop bleeding in the brain
  • Open the skull to relieve pressure

Don’t hesitate to call Evergreen Spine and Neurosurgery Center. Dr. Sebastian promptly provides the intensive and comprehensive care you need for a traumatic brain injury.